- Election Result
- Domain Tools
- Seo Tools
With elections under way in many states of India, all Indian citizens who are eligible to vote are given a chance to exercise their franchise and participate in the electoral process. The Indian Constitution has granted the right to vote to all Indian citizens of sound mind above the age of 18, irrespective of an individual’s caste, religion, social or economic status. This right is universally granted to all Indians, with a few exceptions.
As a voter, you are entitled to certain rights and privileges as laid down by the Constitution, which safeguards the rights of the voter. It also lays down the conditions under which this privilege is granted to citizens. Voting is not a fundamental right, but is a legal right granted to citizens.
So what are the rights granted to voters in India? Given below are some of right and duties of voters.
As per the Indian Constitution, all Indian citizens above the age of 18 years who have registered themselves as voters are eligible to vote. These individuals can vote in national, state, district as well as local government body elections.
No individual can be detained or prevented from voting, unless they fulfill the criteria for disqualification.
Every voter is allowed one vote only. A voter can vote at the constituency where he has registered himself only.
Eligible voters have to register themselves in the constituency where they live, upon which they will be issued photo election identity cards (also known as EPIC cards). Individuals are not permitted to participate in the electoral process if they have not registered or do not possess a voter ID card.
The Indian Constitution has laid down the following rules regarding disqualification of voters from the election process:
In India, all voters who are eligible to take part in the electoral process are required to cast their ballot (or vote) at the polling booth in person. This is done to ensure that the registered voter exercises his ballot himself and his vote is not used by an impersonator.
In special cases, voting can be done by post, which is known as postal ballot. Postal ballots are conducted for those individuals who are unable to visit a polling booth in person due to certain reasons.
Generally, postal ballot privileges are given to members of the armed forces posted across the country and overseas, to individuals who are on election duty (such as electoral officers, policemen on duty etc).
Postal ballot can also be granted to those individuals who are under preventive detention, resulting in their inability to visit a polling booth and cast their vote in person.
Below are some of the rights of voters as granted and safeguarded by the Indian Constitution.
Right to Know:
All voters have the right to know about the candidates who are contesting for the elections. This right has been granted to voters under Section 19 of the Indian Constitution. This Section empowers voters to seek information pertaining to the election manifesto of the candidates, their total financial worth as also their criminal record, if any.
Right Not to Vote (NOTA):
Voters have been granted the right not to vote, which is recorded in the system. Also known as a NOTA (None of the above) vote, the voter participates in the election but chooses not to vote for any of the candidates contesting the elections.
In this way, voters are participating in the electoral process and exercising their right to choose if they wish to vote for the candidates contesting or not.
Special Assistance to Infirm and Illiterate Voters:
As per the guidelines of the Election Code, voters who are unable to cast their votes due to physical disability or other such infirmity and can’t cast their vote through postal ballot, can take the assistance of an electoral officer, who will record their vote.
NRI and Prisoner Voting Rights:
An NRI (Non Resident Indian) was not permitted to vote until recently. However an amendment was made in 2010 which allows NRI’s to register themselves as voters and vote in elections, even if they have not been in the country for over 6 months for any reason.
Prisoners are not permitted to exercise their franchise as per the current law.
This applies to an individual who declares himself a voter and seeks to cast his vote when a vote has already been cast in his name. In such a case the individual can cast his vote if he can provide proof as to his identity. His vote will be recorded on a separate ballot paper as decided by the Election Commission.
|Voter ID Details|
|Voter ID Status|
|Voter ID Registration|
|Online Voter ID Registration|
|Voter ID Verification|
|Voter ID Form|
|Voter’s Rights in India|
|How to Apply for Duplicate Voter ID Card|
|How to Rectify Address in Voter ID|
|Find out Process of Change/Correct Name in Voter ID Card|
|Find Out Process to Change Voter ID Card Address Online|
|All You Need to know about NRI Voter ID Card|
|Election Laws in India|
|About Electoral Roll and how to use it to get details|
|All about EVM
|All you need to know about SVEEP|
|Why Should We Vote in India|
|Color Voter ID|
|Voter ID Card by State|
|Voter ID in AP|
|Voter ID in Assam|
|Voter ID in Bihar|
|Voter ID in Delhi|
|Voter ID in Goa|
|Voter ID in Gujarat|
|Voter ID in Haryana|
|Voter ID in Kerala|
|Voter ID in Maharashtra|
|Voter ID in Manipur|
|Voter ID in MP|
|Voter ID in Odisha|
|Voter ID in Puducherry|
|Voter ID in Punjab|
|Voter ID in Rajasthan|
|Voter ID in Tamilnadu|
|Voter ID in UP|
|Voter ID in Uttarakhand|
|Voter ID in WB|
|Voter ID in Telangana|
|Voter ID in Jharkhand|
|Voter ID in Arunachal Pradesh|
|Voter ID in Tripura|
|Voter ID in HP|
|Voter ID in Chhattisgarh|
|Voter ID in Karnataka|